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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Growth, Physiology, and Reproduction

Evidence of heterogeneity within bovine satellite cells isolated from young and adult animals

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 89 No. 6, p. 1751-1757
     
    Received: Oct 02, 2010
    Accepted: Jan 26, 2011
    Published: December 4, 2014


    2 Corresponding author(s): sealy@ufl.edu
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doi:10.2527/jas.2010-3568
  1. J. Li*,
  2. J. M. Gonzalez*,
  3. D. K. Walker,
  4. M. J. Hersom*,
  5. A. D. Ealy* and
  6. S. E. Johnson*121
  1. Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611; and
    Division of Rehabilitative Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT

Satellite cells are a heterogeneous population of myogenic precursors responsible for muscle growth and repair in mammals. The objectives of the experiment were to examine the growth rates and degree of heterogeneity within bovine satellite cells (BSC) isolated from young and adult animals. The BSC were harvested from the semimembranosus of young (4.3 ± 0.5 d) and adult (estimated 24 to 27 mo) cattle and cultured en masse. Young animal BSC re-enter the cell cycle sooner and reach maximal 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation earlier (P < 0.05) than adult contemporaries. Adult BSC contain fewer (P < 0.05) MyoD and myogenin immunopositive nuclei than BSC isolated from young animals after 3, 4, and 5 d in culture. These results indicate that BSC from young animals activate, proliferate, and differentiate sooner than isolates from adult animals. Lineage heterogeneity within BSC was examined using antibodies specific for Pax7 and Myf5, lineage markers of satellite cells, and myoblasts. Immunocytochemistry revealed the majority of Pax7-expressing BSC also express Myf5; a minor population (~5%) fails to exhibit Myf5 immunoreactivity. The percentage of Pax7:Myf5 BSC from young animals decreases sooner (P < 0.05) in culture than adult BSC, indicating a more rapid rate of muscle fiber formation. A subpopulation immunopositive for Myf5 only was identified in both ages of BSC isolates. The growth kinetics and heterogeneity of young BSC was further evaluated by clonal analysis. Single cell clones were established and analyzed after 10 d. Colonies segregated into 2 groups based upon population doubling time. Immunostaining of the slow-growing colonies (population doubling time ≥ 3 d) revealed that a portion exhibited asymmetric distribution of the lineage markers Pax7 and Myf5, similar to self-renewable mouse muscle stem cells. In summary, these results offer insight into the heterogeneity of BSC and provide evidence for subtle differences between rodent and bovine myogenic precursors.

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