Animal Frontiers Instructions for Authors
Animal Frontiers will address current significant issues important to animal agriculture on the global stage. Each issue of Animal Frontiers will address a common theme with leading authors in those areas addressing various aspects of the theme. Animal Frontiers is published quarterly with an intended international readership of scientists, politicians, industry leaders and the general public seeking a scientific perspective on issues related to animal agriculture.
Animal Frontiers is published by the American Society of Animal Science (ASAS), Canadian Society of Animal Science (CSAS), the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP), and the American Meat Science Association (AMSA).
Editorials (up to 600 words plus 1 figure or photograph) are written by the guest editor and provide an overview of the issue theme. They may provide context for the findings within a field or explain potential interdisciplinary significance. Editorials can add a dimension to the issue theme as well as summarize the papers within an issue.
Book and media reviews (up to 650 words) present reviews of current books, multimedia, exhibitions, and films of interest to our readers (the inclusion of reviews in an issue will be the decision of the guest editor in consultation with the associate editors of a specific issue.
Letters (up to 350 words) discuss material recently published in the magazine or related issues of general interest. Letters should be submitted to the managing editor via e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) and are subject to peer review. Letters will be edited for clarity and space.
Feature Articles and Reviews
These papers (up to 5,000 words including references, notes, and captions; or 15 pages of double-spaced text in 12-point Times New Roman font, 8.5- x 11-inch paper, 1-inch margins all around) are invited by the guest editors to support their issue themes and are overviews of previously published or presented works. Reviews may also describe new developments of interdisciplinary significance and highlight future directions. They include an implication that identifies the major issues and conclusions, , an introduction that outlines the main theme, brief subheadings, and an outline of important unresolved questions. Within the body of the manuscript, authors are encouraged to speculate and offer opinions about the specific issues discussed in their manuscript or the broader implications related to the entire theme of an issue. A maximum of 30 references is suggested. Feature articles and reviews are solicited by the editors; unsolicited submissions will not be considered.
Each author of these papers must also submit a biography (100 words or less) at the end of their manuscript and a photo (300 ppi, 2 x 3 in., or 5 x 7.6 cm) in a separate file.
The article title should be descriptive, short, and easily understood by someone who is not an expert in the field. Simple terms/concepts may improve search engine indexing/optimization and encourage non-experts to read the article. Also include a short running title (40 characters or less) for your article.
The implications should be written so that a broad audience can understand the importance of your topic. The implications should include 2 to 4 bulleted items that identify the most significant issues and conclusions in the paper. Text (less than 100 words) with the bulleted points should summarize the focus of the paper and the major conclusions. The implications should be able to stand alone so that the full article does not need to be read in order to understand its significance. Do not include abbreviations or references in this section of the paper.
Include up to 5 key words and phrases, not included in the title, to improve discoverability of the article (listed alphabetically in all lower case letters unless it is a proper noun).
Manuscripts must be written in English with American spellings. Papers must be double-spaced and prepared in Microsoft Word, with lines and pages numbered consecutively, using Times New Roman font at 12 points. LaTex (or similar) files will not be accepted.
Insert special characters (e.g., Greek and symbols) with the symbols palette available in Times New Roman font. Complex equations, if used, must be entered using MathType or an equation editor. Place tables, figures, and figure captions after the references section.
Our reference style follows that of the literature cited section in Journal of Animal Science.
NRC. 1989. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 6th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
Robinson, P. H., E. K. Okine, and J. J. Kennelly. 1992. Measurement of protein digestion in ruminants. Page 121 in Modern Methods in Protein Nutrition and Metabolism. S. Nissen, ed. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Journal Articles and Abstracts
Cleale, R. M., IV, R. A. Britton, T. J. Klopfenstein, M. L. Bauer, D. L. Harmon, and L. D. Satterlee. 1987a. Induced non-enzymatic browning of soybean meal. II. Ruminal escape and net portal absorption of soybean protein treated with xylose. J. Anim. Sci. 65:1319-1326.
Hall, J. B., R. B. Staigmiller, R. E. Short, R. A. Bellows, S. E. Bartlett, and D. A. Phelps. 1993. Body composition at puberty in beef heifers as influenced by nutrition and breed. J. Anim. Sci. 71(Suppl. 1):205. (Abstr.)
Talmant, A., X. Fernandez, P. Sellier, and G. Monin. 1989. Glycolytic potential in longissimus dorsi muscle of Large White pigs as measured after in vivo sampling. Page 1129 in Proc. 35th Int. Congr. Meat Sci. Technol., Copenhagen, Denmark.
FDA. 2001. Effect of the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals on pathogen load: Systematic review of the published literature. http://www.fda.gov/cvm/antimicrobial/PathRpt.PDF. Food and Drug Admin, Washington, DC. Accessed Dec. 14, 2001.
Huntington, G. B., D. L. Harmon, N. B. Kristensen, K. C. Hanson, and J. W. Spears. 2006. Effects of a slow-release urea source on absorption of ammonia and endogenous production of urea by cattle. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2006.01.012.
The use of tables should be minimized. When used, tables should be self-explanatory and the most effective way to organize extensive data. Each table should provide sufficient information so that it can be understood without excessive reference to the text; all abbreviations used in a table should be defined in a footnote. Units should be clearly noted in the table. Refer to Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers for more information on effective use of tables.
Tables must be prepared using the table feature in Microsoft Word; tables prepared in other programs (e.g., Excel) or by using spaces, tabs, and hard returns will not convert accurately and errors can result. When possible, tables should be organized to fit across the page without running broadside.
The magazine will be printed with color throughout. Authors should take advantage of this and prepare eye-catching graphics and figures for full color for display.
Avoid the use of three-dimensional bar charts, unless essential to the presentation of the data. Ensure that data, symbols, axis labels, lines, and key are clear and easily readable at final publication size. Photos must be 300 dpi at final printing size. Line art must be 600 dpi at final printing size.
The caption should provide sufficient information that the figure can be understood without excessive reference to the text. All author-derived abbreviations and symbols used in the figure should be defined in the caption.
Each issue will feature cover art from one of the reviews in that issue. We request that each manuscript submission include one or more color photographs to be considered for publication on the cover of the magazine. An electronic file (at least 300 ppi and sized at 8.5 x 11 inches) in Word, EPS, JPG, or TIF format can be used. Submit the files online with your original manuscript and include a short descriptive caption about the image. The description might be general or could be more detailed to include scientific name of organism, photographic technique, or type of cells/staining, optics, or magnification, as appropriate.
Submit the final prepared manuscript as an MS Word file via e-mail to email@example.com. Please include the name of the inviting editor in your e-mail so that the appropriate editor is assigned to oversee the review.
Each author must submit a signed license to publish when the first version of a manuscript is submitted. If a manuscript is revised, additional licenses should not be submitted, unless authorship of the article changes.
We do not require authors to transfer copyright of their materials but, rather, license the works for first publication.
Authors are expected to obtain copyright permission for use of any third-party materials used. The permission must be forwarded to the editing office and include preferred wording for attribution to the original copyright holder.