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  1. Vol. 83 No. 1, p. 62-67
     
    Received: Aug 03, 2004
    Accepted: Oct 01, 2004
    Published:


    1 Corresponding author(s): jarmila@uga.edu
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doi:10.2527/2005.83162x

Studies on multiple trait and random regression models for genetic evaluation of beef cattle for growth

  1. J. Bohmanova1,
  2. I. Misztal and
  3. J. K. Bertrand
  1. Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia, Athens 30602-2771

Abstract

A simulation study examined issues important for genetic evaluation of growth in beef cattle by random regression models with cubic Legendre polynomials (RRML) and linear splines with three knots (RRMS) compared with multiple-trait models (MTM). Parameters for RRML were obtained by conversion from covariance functions. Parameters for MTM and RRMS were extracted from RRML at 1, 205, and 365 d; parameters for RRMS were the same as MTM for all effects except the permanent environment and the residual. Four data sets were generated assuming RRML included records at 1, 205, and 365 d; at 1, 160 to 250, and 320 to 410 d; at 1, 100, 205, 300, and 365 d; and at 1, 55 to 145, 160 to 250, 275 to 325, and 320 to 410 d. Accuracies were computed as correlations between the true (simulated) and predicted breeding values. With the first data set, excellent agreement in accuracy was obtained for all models. With the second data set, the accuracy of MTM dropped by up to 1.5% compared with the first data set, but accuracy was unchanged for both RRML and RRMS. With the third (fourth) data set, accuracies of RRML were up to 2.4% (2.5%) higher than with the first (second) data set. Small differences in accuracy between RRML and RRMS were found with the third and fourth data sets, which were traced to inflated correlations especially between 1 and 205 d in RRMS; inflation could be decreased by adding one extra knot at 100 d to RRMS. Diagonalization of random coefficients was crucial for RRML but not for RRMS, resulting in approximately six (two) times faster convergence with RRML (RRMS). Reduction of dimensionality in RRML associated with small eigenvalues caused a less accurate evaluation for birth weight. Genetic evaluation of growth by RRM requires careful implementation. The RRMS is simpler to implement than the RRML.

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