1st Page

Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Management

Six component intervals of nonproductive days by breeding-female pigs on commercial farms1


This article in

  1. Vol. 83 No. 6, p. 1406-1412
    Received: Sept 14, 2004
    Accepted: Mar 04, 2005

    2 Corresponding author(s):

  1. Y. Koketsu2
  1. School of Agriculture, Meiji University, Kawasaki, Japan 214-8571


Of 105 swine herds using a production record system for breeding female pigs, 95 farms were used to analyze nonproductive female days (NPD), the six component intervals of NPD, and related measurements. The NPD was defined as the days when mated gilts and sows were neither gestating nor lactating, and it was calculated by summing the six component intervals in the average mated female inventory. The mean NPD was 57.9 d (SD = 20.5), and the proportions of six component intervals of gilt first-mating-to-pregnancy interval, gilt first-mating-to-culling interval, unmated weaning-to-culling interval, weaning-to-first-mating interval, sow first-mating-to-pregnancy interval, and sow first-mating-to-culling interval were 9.24, 7.82, 6.85, 27.9, 18.9, and 29.3%, respectively. Farms in the upper 25th percentile of the ranking for number of pigs weaned·mated female−1·yr−1 were designated as 25 high-performing farms. The remaining farms were designated as an ordinary farm group for comparisons. High-performing farms had 21.1 d fewer NPD, and five of the six component intervals were lower compared with the ordinary farms (P < 0.05). Regression analyses indicated that the number of litters·mated female−1·yr−1 increased by 0.07 in both farm groups as NPD decreased every 10 d. Fewer NPD were correlated with a higher percentage of multiple matings during estrus (P < 0.05) but were not correlated with removal risk and replacement risk in both farm groups. The average parity of culled females was negatively correlated with NPD in the ordinary farm group, and the average farrowed parity was positively correlated with NPD in the high-performing farm group (P < 0.01). Decreasing each component interval of the NPD six components is critical to increasing herd productivity. A high percentage of multiple matings during estrus and appropriate culling management may be key factors to decrease NPD.

Copyright © 2005. Copyright 2005 Journal of Animal Science