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This article in

  1. Vol. 85 No. 4, p. 901-908
     
    Received: July 25, 2006
    Accepted: Dec 07, 2006
    Published: December 8, 2014


    1 Corresponding author(s): birgit@uga.edu
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doi:10.2527/jas.2006-499

Genetic correlations between two strains of Durocs and crossbreds from differing production environments for slaughter traits

  1. B. Zumbach*1,
  2. I. Misztal*,
  3. S. Tsuruta*,
  4. J. Holl,
  5. W. Herring and
  6. T. Long
  1. Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia, Athens 30602; and
    Smithfield Premium Genetics Group, Rose Hill, NC 28458

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic correlations between 2 purebred Duroc pig populations (P1 and P2) and their terminal crossbreds [C1 = P1 × (Landrace × Large White) and C2 = P2 × (Landrace × Large White)] raised in different production environments. The traits analyzed were backfat (BF), muscle depth (MD), BW at slaughter (WGT), and weight per day of age (WDA). Data sets from P1, P2, C1, and C2 included 26,674, 8,266, 16,806, and 12,350 animals, respectively. Two-trait models (nucleus and commercial crossbreds) for each group included fixed (contemporary group, sex, weight, and age), random additive (animal for P1 and P2 and sire for C1 and C2), random litter, and random dam (C1 and C2 only) effects. Heritability estimates (±SE) for BF were 0.46 ± 0.04, 0.38 ± 0.02, 0.32 ± 0.02, and 0.33 ± 0.02 for P1, P2, C1, and C2, respectively. Heritability estimates for MD were 0.31 ± 0.01, 0.23 ± 0.02, 0.19 ± 0.01, and 0.12 ± 0.01 for P1, P2, C1, and C2, respectively. The estimates for WGT and WDA were 0.31 ± 0.01, 0.21 ± 0.02, 0.16 ± 0.01, and 0.18 ± 0.01 and 0.32 ± 0.01, 0.22 ± 0.02, 0.16 ± 0.01, and 0.19 ± 0.01, respectively. Genetic correlations between purebreds and crossbreds for BF were 0.83 ± 0.09 (P1 × C1) and 0.89 ± 0.05 (P2 × C2), for MD 0.78 ± 0.05 (P1 × C1) and 0.80 ± 0.08 (P2 × C2). For WGT and WDA, the correlations were 0.53 ± 0.08 (P1 × C1), 0.80 ± 0.10 (P2 × C2), and 0.60 ± 0.07 (P1 × C1) and 0.79 ± 0.09 (P2 × C2), respectively. (Co)variances in crossbreds were adjusted to a live BW scale. Compared with purebreds, the genetic variances in crossbreds were lower, and the residual variances were greater. Sire variances in crossbreds were approximately 20 to 30% of the animal variances in purebreds for BF and MD but were 13 to 25% for WGT and WDA. The efficiency of purebred selection on crossbreds, assessed by EBV prediction weights, ranged from 0.43 to 0.91 for line 1 and 0.70 to 0.92 for line 2. When nucleus and commercial environments differ substantially, the efficiency of selection varies by line and traits, and selection strategies that include crossbred data from typical production environments may therefore be desirable.

Copyright © 2007. Copyright 2007 Journal of Animal Science