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This article in

  1. Vol. 85 No. 5, p. 1126-1135
     
    Received: Aug 02, 2006
    Published: December 8, 2014


    2 Corresponding author(s): hs6226@rda.go.kr
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doi:10.2527/jas.2006-524

Transdifferentiation of porcine satellite cells to adipoblasts with ciglitizone1

  1. N. K. Singh,
  2. H. S. Chae†2,
  3. I. H. Hwang*,
  4. Y. M. Yoo,
  5. C. N. Ahn,
  6. S. H. Lee,
  7. H. J. Lee§,
  8. H. J. Park§ and
  9. H. Y. Chung||
  1. Department of Animal Resources and Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University, Chonju, Republic of Korea; and
    Product and Utility Division,
    Functional Animal Genomics,
    Nutrition and Physiology, and
    Animal Genomics and Bioinformatics Division, National Livestock Research Institute, Suwon 441-350, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Ciglitizone, a class of thiazolidinediones, acts as a potent activator of the adipose differentiation program in established preadipose cell lines. Thiazolidinediones have also been investigated in diabetic patients and have been reported to act as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ ligands. Intramuscular adipogenesis or marbling through transdifferentiation of satellite cells in cattle was successfully conducted earlier. In this report, the effects of ciglitizone on the differentiation pathway of porcine myogenic satellite cells was investigated. Semitendinosus muscle was aseptically taken from 10-d-old piglets under general anesthesia, and porcine satellite cells were obtained and grown to near confluence. Postconfluent cells (d 0) were further cultured in differentiation medium containing an adipogenic mixture plus ciglitizone (10 μM) for 48 h. From d 2 onward, the cells were cultured only in the presence of ciglitizone until d 10. Controls were cultured in differentiation medium only. Exposure of porcine satellite cells to the adipogenic mixture plus ciglitizone generated lipid droplets on d 2, and subsequently, exposure of cells to ciglitizone alone helped in cytoplasmic lipid filling, providing them with the acquisition of adipocyte morphology. An increase (P < 0.05) in the fusion (structures containing 2 to 3 nuclei) of satellite cells was observed, and myosin heavy chain appeared with greater intensity (immunohistochemistry) in the control group from d 2 onward. Adipocyte-specific transcriptional factors (i.e., CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ) were predominant during transdifferentiation and were observed with immuhistochemistry, Western blot (~47.2 and ~60.4 kDa, respectively), and real-time PCR. Ciglitizone appeared to convert the differentiation pathway of satellite cells into that of adipoblasts.

Copyright © 2007. Copyright 2007 Journal of Animal Science