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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Physiology, Endocrinology, and Reproduction

Effect of dietary lactoferrin on the immune functions and serum iron level of weanling piglets1

 

This article in

  1. Vol. 85 No. 9, p. 2140-2146
     
    Received: Nov 14, 2006
    Accepted: May 10, 2007
    Published: December 8, 2014


    2 Corresponding author(s): yzwang@zju.edu.cn
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doi:10.2527/jas.2006-754
  1. T. Shan,
  2. Y. Wang2,
  3. Y. Wang,
  4. J. Liu and
  5. Z. Xu
  1. Institute of Feed Science, Zhejiang University, The Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, No. 164 Qiutao North Road, Hangzhou 310029, P. R. China

Abstract

A total of 90 weanling female pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire) were used in a 30-d growth experiment to investigate the effect of lactoferrin (LF) on growth performance, immune function, and serum iron concentrations. The pigs were allocated on the basis of BW and litter to 3 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design. The dietary treatments were: control group (basal diet), antibiotics group (basal diet + 20 mg/kg of flavomycin + 110 mg/kg of aureomycin), and LF group (basal diet + 1.0 g/kg of LF). There were 3 replicate pens per treatment, and pigs were grouped with 10 pigs per pen. Six pigs, randomly selected from each treatment (2 pigs/pen), were slaughtered for serum and spleen samples on d 15 and 30. Supplementation with LF improved the phytohemag-glutinin (PHA)-stimulated peripheral lymphocyte proliferation by 36% (P < 0.01), increased concanavalin A (ConA)- and PHA-induced spleen lymphocyte proliferation by 332% (P < 0.01) and 258% (P < 0.01), enhanced serum IgG by 20% (P < 0.05), IgA by 13% (P < 0.05), IgM by 15% (P < 0.05), complement 4 (C4) by 29% (P < 0.05), IL-2 by 12% (P < 0.01), and serum iron values by 22% (P < 0.05) on d 15 compared with the control. Lactoferrin supplementation increased PHA-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation (P < 0.01), serum IgG by 16% (P < 0.05), IgA by 17% (P < 0.05), C4 by 11% (P < 0.05), IL-2 by 14% (P < 0.05), and serum iron values by 23% (P < 0.01), and decreased the diarrhea ratio (P < 0.05) relative to the control on d 30. Compared with the controls, supplementation with antibiotic increased ConA- and PHA-induced spleen lymphocyte proliferation (P < 0.05) on d 15, decreased the diarrhea ratio (P < 0.05), and increased the PHA-induced spleen lymphocyte proliferation (P < 0.05) and serum iron values (P < 0.01) on d 30. These results support the possible use LF as an immunostimulant to improve immune functions and strengthen host defenses and would seem to be a good method for defending weanling piglets from infections and weanling stress.

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