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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Genetics

Response to selection for bacterial cold water disease resistance in rainbow trout12

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 88 No. 6, p. 1936-1946
     
    Received: Sept 29, 2009
    Accepted: Feb 02, 2010
    Published: December 4, 2014


    3 Corresponding author(s): tim.leeds@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2527/jas.2009-2538
  1. T. D. Leeds 3,
  2. J. T. Silverstein44,
  3. G. M. Weber,
  4. R. L. Vallejo,
  5. Y. Palti,
  6. C. E. Rexroad III,
  7. J. Evenhuis,
  8. S. Hadidi55,
  9. T. J. Welch and
  10. G. D. Wiens
  1. USDA, ARS, National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture (NCCCWA), Kearneysville, WV 25430

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT

A family-based selection program was initiated at the National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture in 2005 to improve resistance to bacterial cold water disease (BCWD) in rainbow trout. The objective of this study was to estimate response to 2 generations of selection. A total of 14,841 juvenile fish (BW = 3.1 g; SD = 1.1 g) from 230 full-sib families and 3 randomly mated control lines were challenged intraperitoneally with Flavobacterium psychrophilum, the bacterium that causes BCWD, and mortalities were observed for 21 d. Selection was applied to family EBV derived from a proportional-hazards frailty (animal) model while constraining rate of inbreeding to ≤1% per generation. After adjusting for nongenetic effects, survival rate of select-line families increased by 24.6 ± 6.8 and 44.7 ± 6.7 (cumulative) percentage points after 1 and 2 generations of selection, respectively (P < 0.01). Genetic trend, estimated from a linear animal model that fit genetic group effects, was 19.0 ± 4.1 percentage points per generation and approached significance (P = 0.07). Heritability estimates from the proportional-hazards frailty model and linear animal model were similar (0.22 and 0.23, respectively), and family EBV from both models were highly correlated (−0.92). Accuracy of selection, estimated as the correlation between mid-parent EBV and progeny survival rate, was 0.20 (P < 0.01) for the proportional-hazards frailty model and 0.18 (P = 0.01) for the linear animal model. Accuracy estimates were not different (P = 0.81) between the models. This study demonstrates that selective breeding can be effective for improving resistance to experimental BCWD challenge in rainbow trout.

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