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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Nutrition

Use of crude glycerol, a biodiesel coproduct, in diets for lactating sows12

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 88 No. 8, p. 2648-2656
     
    Received: Oct 28, 2009
    Accepted: Mar 31, 2010
    Published: December 4, 2014


    3 Corresponding author(s): johnstlj@morris.umn.edu
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doi:10.2527/jas.2009-2609
  1. S. J. Schieck*,
  2. B. J. Kerr,
  3. S. K. Baidoo,
  4. G. C. Shurson* and
  5. L. J. Johnston 3
  1. Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108;
    USDA-ARS, Ames, IA 50011;
    Southern Research and Outreach Center, Waseca, MN 56093; and
    West Central Research and Outreach Center, Morris, MN 56267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary crude glycerol in lactating sow diets on sow and litter performance under heat stress conditions. Mixed parity (range = 0 to 13) sows (n = 345; 253 ± 24 kg of BW) were assigned randomly within gestation housing location and parity to 1 of 4 dietary treatments. Treatments consisted of a corn-soybean-based control diet (CON) and 3, 6, or 9% glycerol added at the expense of corn and soybean meal. Liquid crude glycerol was incorporated in the complete diet at the time of mixing. Dietary treatments were imposed on d 109 of gestation (2.25 kg/d) when sows were moved into farrowing rooms. Heat index during lactation in farrowing rooms exceeded 25°C for all sows. At farrowing, sows were allowed ad libitum access to feed throughout lactation. Dietary treatment tended (P = 0.08) to influence ADFI of sows (CON = 6.04 kg/d; 3% = 6.21 kg/d; 6% = 5.69 kg/d; 9% = 6.00 kg/d; pooled SE = 0.18). Up to 9% crude glycerol in the diet had no effect on sow BW and backfat loss, weaning-to-estrus interval, preweaning mortality of piglets, and ADG of piglets. Increasing dietary glycerol linearly reduced (P = 0.10) litter size at weaning (CON = 9.50; 3% = 9.60; 6% = 9.36; 9% = 9.39; pooled SE = 0.08). Daily water consumption was not affected by dietary treatment. Crude glycerol did not affect respiration rates or rectal body temperatures, indicating no efficacy in reducing heat stress of sows. Plasma glycerol concentrations increased linearly (P < 0.05) as dietary crude glycerol increased (CON = 1.21 μM; 3% = 1.69 μM; 6% = 7.21 μM; 9% = 29.04 μM; pooled SE = 1.58), but plasma glucose concentrations were not affected. Crude protein content of the milk of sows was not affected (P = 0.16) by dietary treatment. Dry matter (P = 0.07) and crude fat (P = 0.09) content of the milk of the sows tended to increase linearly (DM basis: CON = 17.84%; 3% = 18.43%; 6% = 18.98%; 9% = 18.48%; pooled SE = 0.34; crude fat: CON = 4.78%; 3% = 4.91%; 6% = 5.50%; 9% = 5.24%; pooled SE = 0.30), whereas milk ash concentration tended (P = 0.09) to decrease linearly with increasing dietary glycerol (CON = 0.77%; 3% = 0.79%; 6% = 0.74%; 9% = 0.74%; pooled SE = 0.02). Increasing dietary crude glycerol linearly increased (P < 0.05) lactose concentration in the milk of sows (CON = 5.16%; 3% = 5.30%; 6% = 5.43%; 9% = 5.46%; pooled SE = 0.10). Results from this study indicate that lactating sows fed diets containing up to 9% crude glycerol perform similarly to sows fed a standard corn-soybean meal diet.

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