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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Digestive Physiology of the Pig

Direct and regression methods do not give different estimates of digestible and metabolizable energy of wheat for pigs1


This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 90 No. Supplement_4, p. 390-392
    Published: January 23, 2015

    3 Corresponding author(s):

  1. O. A. Bolarinwa22 and
  2. O. Adeola 3
  1. Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907


Digestible and metabolizable energy contents of feed ingredients for pigs can be determined by direct or indirect methods. There are situations when only the indirect approach is suitable and the regression method is a robust indirect approach. This study was conducted to compare the direct and regression methods for determining the energy value of wheat for pigs. Twenty-four barrows with an average initial BW of 31 kg were assigned to 4 diets in a randomized complete block design. The 4 diets consisted of 969 g wheat/kg plus minerals and vitamins (sole wheat) for the direct method, corn (Zea mays)–soybean (Glycine max) meal reference diet (RD), RD + 300 g wheat/kg, and RD + 600 g wheat/kg. The 3 corn–soybean meal diets were used for the regression method and wheat replaced the energy-yielding ingredients, corn and soybean meal, so that the same ratio of corn and soybean meal across the experimental diets was maintained. The wheat used was analyzed to contain 883 g DM, 15.2 g N, and 3.94 Mcal GE/kg. Each diet was fed to 6 barrows in individual metabolism crates for a 5-d acclimation followed by a 5-d total but separate collection of feces and urine. The DE and ME for the sole wheat diet were 3.83 and 3.77 Mcal/kg DM, respectively. Because the sole wheat diet contained 969 g wheat/kg, these translate to 3.95 Mcal DE/kg DM and 3.89 Mcal ME/kg DM. The RD used for the regression approach yielded 4.00 Mcal DE and 3.91 Mcal ME/kg DM diet. Increasing levels of wheat in the RD linearly reduced (P < 0.05) DE and ME to 3.88 and 3.79 Mcal/kg DM diet, respectively. The regressions of wheat contribution to DE and ME in megacalories against the quantity of wheat DM intake in kilograms generated 3.96 Mcal DE and 3.88 Mcal ME/kg DM. In conclusion, values obtained for the DE and ME of wheat using the direct method (3.95 and 3.89 Mcal/kg DM) did not differ (0.78 < P < 0.89) from those obtained using the regression method (3.96 and 3.88 Mcal/kg DM).

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