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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Digestive Physiology of the Pig

Prediction of gross energy and digestible energy in copra meal, palm kernel meal, and cassava root fed to pigs1


This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 90 No. Supplement_4, p. 221-223
    Published: January 23, 2015

    2 Corresponding author(s):

  1. C. S. Park,
  2. A. R. Son and
  3. B. G. Kim 2
  1. Department of Animal Science and Environment, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Republic of Korea


Many of the available prediction equations for feed energy value may not be applicable for ingredients such as copra (Cocos nucifera) meal (CM), palm kernel meal (PKM), and cassava (Manihot esculenta) root (CR). Therefore, we developed novel equations for estimating GE and DE concentrations in CM, PKM, CR, and diets containing these ingredients. Data for GE and DE concentrations were obtained from previous experiments in which the chemical composition in the ingredients and diets were determined. In addition, in vitro DM digestibility (IVDMD) values in 3 samples of ingredients including CM, PKM, and CR and 4 samples of diets including a corn (Zea mays)–soybean (Glycine max) meal-based diet and 3 diets containing CM, PKM, and CR were determined. Based on the model R2, conceptual predictive criterion, and the P-value of the equation, the best equation for GE concentration (kcal/kg) was GE = 3313 + (24.81 × CP) + (9.83 × NDF) with R2 = 0.93, root mean square error = 102, and P = 0.005 (CP and NDF values are percentages). Regression analysis was conducted between the DE:GE ratio and IVDMD (%). The DE:GE ratio was 0.81, 0.73, 0.83, 0.89, 0.84, 0.82, and 0.88 in CM, PKM, CR, a corn–soybean meal-based diet, and diets containing CM, PKM, or CR, respectively. The values for IVDMD were 70.3, 42.6, 88.2, 93.4, 86.7, 75.5, and 91.3%, respectively. The DE:GE ratio may be calculated by (0.0030 × IVDMD) + 0.5986 (R2 = 0.91; P = 0.001). Using the estimated GE concentration and IVDMD, the prediction equation for DE concentration (kcal/kg) was DE = –1965 + (1.02 × GE) + (15.33 × IVDMD) with R2 = 0.88 and P = 0.007. In conclusion, IVDMD values are useful in estimating energy digestibility in CM, PKM, CR, and diets containing these ingredients.

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