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This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 91 No. 5, p. 2001-2011
     
    Received: Sept 04, 2012
    Accepted: Jan 23, 2013
    Published: January 28, 2015


    2 Corresponding author(s): pekka.uimari@mtt.fi
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doi:10.2527/jas.2012-5811

Evidence for three highly significant QTL for meat quality traits in the Finnish Yorkshire pig breed1

  1. P. Uimari 2,
  2. A. Sironen* and
  3. M.-L. Sevón-Aimonen*
  1. Agrifood Research Finland, MTT, Biotechnology and Food Research, FI-36100 Jokioinen, Finland

Abstract

Meat quality is important both to consumers and to the meat processing industry. Commonly used measures of porcine meat quality are the pH and color of the meat. The purpose of this study was to identify SNP associated with these meat quality traits in Finnish Yorkshire using the Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip. The association of each SNP with the quality traits was tested with a weighted linear model. The relatedness of samples was accounted for by a random polygenic genetic effect with the accompanying full relationship matrix. The original EBV from single-trait evaluations were deregressed before analysis. The statistical significance of SNP was established using the Bonferroni correction to adjust for multiple testing. Three genomic regions were significant for the meat quality traits. The PRKAG3 region on chromosome 15 was significant for pH measured from loin and ham and for a* (redness) measured from loin. The smallest P-value in the region was obtained for pH measured from loin (ASGA0070634, P-value = 3.8 × 10–13). The allele substitution effect (–0.047) of the unfavorable allele A corresponds to 1 SD of the polygenic effect. The second significant region, on chromosome 2 at around 31 megabases (Mb), was associated with pH and L* (lightness) measured from loin. The most significant SNP (ASGA0009814, P-value = 3.89 × 10–10) had an allele substitution effect of 0.86, corresponding to 0.7 SD of the polygenic effect of L*. The third region, located on chromosome 6 at around 83 Mb, was significant for a* measured from ham. The P-value of the best SNP (ALGA0035896) was 8.71 × 10–7 and the allele substitution effect –0.38, corresponding to 0.5 SD of the polygenic effect of a*. The significant association of PRKAG3 with pH was not due to the known AA substitutions. The candidate gene on chromosome 2 associated with color L* is RCN1, which has a high affinity Ca2+–binding motif, the EF hand. The significant region on chromosome 6 for color a* contains several genes, so more data are needed to identify the causative gene. Our results indicate that instead of the known AA substitutions of PRKAG3, some yet-unknown AA substitutions are causative for the pH variation in Finnish Yorkshire. Also, a new major QLT for L* was found on chromosome 2. The significant SNP identified in this study can be used in marker-assisted selection.

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