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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Nutrition

High sulfur content in corn dried distillers grains with solubles protects against oxidized lipids by increasing sulfur-containing antioxidants in nursery pigs1

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 91 No. 6, p. 2715-2728
     
    Received: Apr 03, 2012
    Accepted: Feb 25, 2013
    Published: November 25, 2014


    2 Corresponding author(s): shurs001@umn.edu
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doi:10.2527/jas.2012-5350
  1. R. Song*,
  2. C. Chen*,
  3. L. Wang,
  4. L. J. Johnston,
  5. B. J. Kerr§,
  6. T. E. Weber§ and
  7. G. C. Shurson 2
  1. Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108
    West Central Research and Outreach Center, University of Minnesota, Morris 56267
    USDA-ARS-NLAE, Ames, IA 50011

Abstract

Some sources of corn dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) contain relatively high amounts of oxidized lipids produced from PUFA peroxidation during the production process. These oxidized lipids may impair metabolic oxidation status of pigs. The objective of this study was to understand the effects of feeding corn–soybean meal diets (CON) or diets containing 30% highly oxidized DDGS with 1 of 3 levels of supplemental vitamin E (dl-α-tocopheryl acetate), none, the 1998 NRC level (11 IU/kg), and 10x the 1998 NRC level (110 IU/kg), on oxidative status of nursery pigs. The DDGS source used in this study contained the greatest thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value, peroxide value, and total S content (5.2 ng/mg oil, 84.1 mEq/kg oil, and 0.95%, respectively) relative to 30 other DDGS sources sampled (mean values = 1.8 ng/mg oil, 11.5 mEq/kg oil, and 0.50%, respectively). Barrows (n = 54) were housed in pens and fed the experimental diets for 8 wk after weaning and transferred to individual metabolism cages for collection of feces, urine, blood, and liver samples. Total S content was greater in DDGS diets than in CON (0.39 vs. 0.19%). Dietary inclusion of 30% DDGS improved apparent total tract digestibility of S (86.8 vs. 84.6%; P < 0.001) and S retained (2.94 vs. 2.07 g/d; P < 0.01) compared with CON. Although pigs were fed highly oxidized DDGS in this study, serum TBARS were similar between DDGS and CON treatments. There was an interaction between DDGS and dietary vitamin E level for serum concentrations of α-tocopherol. Serum α-tocopherol concentrations were greater (P < 0.001) in pigs fed DDGS diets than those fed CON when dl-α-tocopheryl acetate was not provided or provided at the NRC level but were similar when dl-α-tocopheryl acetate was supplemented at the 10x NRC level. Pigs fed DDGS diets had greater serum concentrations of S-containing AA, particularly Met (P < 0.001) and taurine (P = 0.002), compared with those fed CON. Liver glutathione concentration was greater in pigs fed DDGS diets than CON (56.3 vs. 41.8 nmol/g). Dietary inclusion of DDGS (P < 0.001) and vitamin E (P = 0.03) increased enzyme activity of glutathione peroxidase. The elevated concentrations of S-containing antioxidants (Met, taurine, and glutathione) in vivo may protect pigs against oxidative stress when feeding highly oxidized DDGS. Therefore, the increased S content in DDGS may be beneficial, and increasing concentrations of vitamin E in diets may not be necessary to protect pigs against metabolic oxidative stress when feeding high S and highly peroxidized DDGS.

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