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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Production

Effects of methionine supplementation on the redox state of acute heat stress–exposed quails1

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 92 No. 2, p. 806-815
     
    Received: June 26, 2013
    Accepted: Nov 25, 2013
    Published: November 24, 2014


    2 Corresponding author(s): egasparino@uem.br
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doi:10.2527/jas.2013-6829
  1. A. P. Del Vesco*,
  2. E. Gasparino 2,
  3. D. O. Grieser*,
  4. V. Zancanela*,
  5. F. R. S. Gasparin,
  6. J. Constantin and
  7. A. R. Oliveira Neto
  1. Department of Animal Science, Universidade Estadual de Maringá – UEM – Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
    Department of Biochemistry, Universidade Estadual de Maringá – UEM– Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
    Evonik-Degussa, Brazil

Abstract

The aims of the present study were to evaluate the possible effects of heat stress (HS) on H2O2 production and to evaluate whether methionine supplementation (MS) could mitigate the deleterious effects on cell metabolism and the redox state induced by oxidative stress. Meat quails (Coturnix coturnix coturnix) were fed a diet that either met the nutritional demands for methionine or did not meet this demand (methionine deficient [MD] diet) for 7 d. The animals were either kept at a thermal comfort temperature (25°C) or exposed to HS (38°C for 24 h, starting on the sixth day). Heat stress induced decreased food intake (P = 0.0140), decreased daily weight gain (P < 0.0001), and increased water intake (P = 0.0211). A higher rate of H2O2 production was observed in HS animals (0.0802 vs. 0.0692 nmol of reactive oxygen species [ROS] produced per minute per milligram of protein; P = 0.0042) and in animals fed with the MD diet (0.0808 vs. 0.0686 nmol of ROS produced per minute per milligram of protein; P = 0.0020). We observed effects of the interaction between diet and the environment on the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GP-x) and catalase (P = 0.0392 and P < 0.0001, respectively). Heat stress induced higher levels of GP-x activity in animals on the MS diet and higher catalase activity in animals on the MD diet. Glutathione (GSH) levels were higher in animals on the MS diet (P = 0.0273) and in animals that were kept in thermal comfort (P = 0.0018). The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances level was higher in HS animals fed with the MD diet (P = 0.0386). Significant effects of the interaction between supplementation and environment were observed on uric acid concentration levels, which were higher in HS animals fed the MS diet (P = 0.008), and on creatine kinase activity levels, which were lower in HS animals fed the MD diet (1,620.33 units/L; P = 0.0442). Our results suggest that under HS conditions, in which H2O2 production is increased, MS was able to mitigate ROS-induced damage, possibly by increasing the activities of antioxidant elements such as GSH, GPx activity, and uric acid concentration, which were present in higher levels in animals that were subjected to HS and fed the MS diet.

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