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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Products

Effects of the Programmed Nutrition Beef Program on meat quality characteristics12


This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 92 No. 4, p. 1780-1791
    Received: Oct 07, 2013
    Accepted: Jan 10, 2014
    Published: November 24, 2014

    3 Corresponding author(s):

  1. K. J. Phelps*,
  2. J. S. Drouillard*,
  3. J. S. Jennings,
  4. B. E. Depenbusch,
  5. C. L. Van Bibber-Krueger*,
  6. K. A. Miller*,
  7. M. A. Vaughn*,
  8. D. D. Burnett*,
  9. S. M. Ebarb*,
  10. T. A. Houser*,
  11. S. E. Johnson§ and
  12. J. M. Gonzalez 3
  1. Kansas State University, Dep. of Animal Sciences and Industry, Manhattan 66506
    Alltech, Inc., Nicholasville, KY 40356
    Innovative Livestock Services, Great Bend, KS 67530
    Virginia Polytechnic and State University, Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Blacksburg 24061


The objective of this study was to examine the effects of alternative finishing strategies on beef steak color and cooked meat characteristics. Beef steers (n = 64 pens; 8 steers/pen) were allocated to a randomized complete block design with a 2 × 2 factorial treatment arrangement and initial body weight serving as the blocking factor. Factor 1 consisted of dietary treatment with cattle either being fed a conventional feedlot diet (CON) or a diet that included Programmed Nutrition Beef Program supplements. Cattle in the Programmed Nutrition (PN) treatments were fed in two-stages: 1) the basal diet with Programmed Nutrition Beef Receiver from d 1 to 20 and the basal diet with Programmed Nutrition Beef Finisher from d 21 to harvest. Factor 2 consisted of the inclusion (EGP+) or absence (EGP–) of an exogenous growth promoting program. Steers in the EGP+ treatments were implanted initially with Component E-S, reimplanted with Component TE-IS, and fed 400 mg·d–1·steer–1 of ractopamine hydrochloride for the final 28 d before harvest. Steers were harvested on d 175 of feeding and 1 strip loin was removed from 2 carcasses selected at random from each pen for transport to Kansas State University. After 14 d of aging, loins were fabricated into 2.54-cm thick steaks for objective and trained sensory panel measurement of cooked meat characteristics and objective color measurements during 7 d retail display. There were no interactions (P > 0.10) between feeding strategy and exogenous growth promotants for all objective measures of color and cooked meat characteristics. Throughout the display period, PN steaks were darker (P = 0.02) than CON steaks, but surface percentages of oxymyoglobin and metmyoglobin and metmyoglobin reducing ability were unaffected by feeding strategy (P > 0.10). Loins and steaks from PN cattle possessed decreased moisture loss during aging and cooking (P < 0.01). Trained sensory panel evaluation of cooked meat revealed a dietary program × growth promotant interaction for myofibrillar tenderness, connective tissue amount, and overall tenderness (P = 0.01). Compared to the CON/EGP– and PN/EGP– treatments, steaks from the CON/EGP+ and PN/EGP+ treatments were evaluated by panelists as being less myofibrillar and overall tender (P < 0.05). The alternative feeding strategies presented in this study can favorably impact water-holding capacity without negatively compromising retail display discoloration.

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