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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Animal Production

Effect of timing of Mannheimia haemolytica challenge following short-term natural exposure to bovine viral diarrhea virus type 1b on animal performance and immune response in beef steers1

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 94 No. 11, p. 4799-4808
     
    Received: June 10, 2016
    Accepted: Aug 20, 2016
    Published: October 13, 2016


    3 Corresponding author(s): the.blake.wilson@okstate.edu
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doi:10.2527/jas.2016-0712
  1. L. Carlos-Valdez*22,
  2. B. K. Wilson 3*,
  3. L. O. Burciaga-Robles*44,
  4. D. L. Step,
  5. B. P. Holland*55,
  6. C. J. Richards*,
  7. M. A. Montelongo,
  8. A. W. Confer,
  9. R. W. Fulton and
  10. C. R. Krehbiel*
  1. * Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078
     Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078

Abstract

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most common and economically detrimental disease of beef cattle during the postweaning period, causing the majority of morbidity and mortality in feedlots. The pathogenesis of this disease often includes an initial viral infection, which can predispose cattle to a secondary bacterial infection. The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of timing of an intratracheal Mannheimia haemolytica (MH) challenge relative to 72 h of natural exposure to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type 1b persistently infected (PI) calves on performance, serum antibody production, total and differential white blood cell (WBC) count, rectal temperature, clinical severity score (CS), and haptoglobin (Hp). Steers (n = 24; 276 ± 31 kg initial BW) were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatments (8 steers/treatment) in a randomized complete block design. Treatments were steers not exposed to calves PI with BVDV 1b and not challenged with MH (CON), steers intratracheally challenged with MH 84 h after being exposed to calves PI with BVDV 1b for 72 h (LateCh), and steers intratracheally challenged with MH 12 h after being exposed to calves PI with BVDV 1b for 72 h (EarlyCh). Performance (ADG, DMI, and G:F) was decreased (P < 0.001) for both EarlyCh and LateCh from d 0 to 4. From d 5 to 17, LateCh appeared to compensate for this lost performance and demonstrated increased ADG (P = 0.01) and G:F (P = 0.01) compared with EarlyCh. Both EarlyCh and LateCh had decreased platelet counts (P < 0.001) compared with CON. Antibody concentrations of BVDV and MH were higher (P < 0.05) for both EarlyCh and LateCh compared with CON. Rectal temperature, CS, and Hp increased (P < 0.001) across time from h 4 to 48, h 4 to 36, and h 8 to 168, respectively. Within 24 h of MH challenge, WBC and neutrophil concentrations within the blood increased whereas lymphocyte concentrations decreased. The timing of BVDV exposure relative to a MH challenge appears to influence the CS and acute phase response associated with BRD. As typical beef cattle marketing channels allow for variation in the timing of respiratory pathogen exposure, understanding the physiological changes in morbid cattle will lead to improved management of BRD.

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