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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Ruminant Nutrition

Estimating mineral requirements of Nellore beef bulls fed with or without inorganic mineral supplementation and the influence on mineral balance1

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 95 No. 4, p. 1696-1706
     
    Received: Nov 07, 2016
    Accepted: Jan 27, 2017
    Published: April 13, 2017


    2 Corresponding author(s): diego.zanetti@ufv.br
    diego.zanetti@colostate.edu
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doi:10.2527/jas2016.1190
  1. D. Zanetti 2*3,
  2. L. A. Godoi*,
  3. M. M. Estrada*,
  4. T. E. Engle,
  5. B. C. Silva*,
  6. H. M. Alhadas*,
  7. M. L. Chizzotti*,
  8. L. F. Prados*,
  9. L. N. Rennó* and
  10. S. C. Valadares Filho*
  1. * Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, PH Rolfs St, 36570-900, Minas Gerais, Brazil
     Department of Animal Science, Colorado State University, 350 W. Pitkin St., Fort Collins 80523

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to quantify the mineral balance of Nellore cattle fed with and without Ca, P, and micromineral (MM) supplementation and to estimate the net and dietary mineral requirement for Bos indicus cattle. Nellore cattle (n = 51; 270.4 ± 36.6 kg initial BW and 8 mo age) were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: reference (n = 5), maintenance (n = 4), and performance (n = 42). The reference group was slaughtered prior to the experiment to estimate initial body composition. The maintenance group was used to collect values of animals at low gain and reduced mineral intake. The performance group was assigned to 1 of 6 treatments: sugarcane as the roughage source with a concentrate supplement composed of soybean meal and soybean hulls with and without Ca, P, and MM supplementation; sugarcane as the roughage source with a concentrate supplement composed of soybean meal and ground corn with and without Ca, P, and MM supplementation; and corn silage as the roughage source with a concentrate supplement composed of soybean meal and ground corn with and without Ca, P, and MM supplementation. Orthogonal contrasts were adopted to compare mineral intake, fecal and urinary excretion, and apparent retention among treatments. Maintenance requirements and true retention coefficients were generated with the aid of linear regression between mineral intake and mineral retention. Mineral composition of the body and gain requirements was assessed using nonlinear regression between body mineral content and mineral intake. Mineral intake and fecal and urinary excretion were measured. Intakes of Ca, P, S, Cu, Zn, Mn, Co, and Fe were reduced in the absence of Ca, P, and MM supplementation (P < 0.05). Fecal excretion of Ca, Cu, Zn, Mn, and Co was also reduced in treatments without supplementation (P < 0.01). Overall, excretion and apparent absorption and retention coefficients were reduced when minerals were not supplied (P < 0.05). The use of the true retention coefficient instead of the true absorption coefficient provided a better estimate of mineral requirements. Dietary mineral requirements were lower for P, Cu, and Zn and greater for Fe compared with previously published recommendations. This study provides useful information about mineral requirements and mineral supplementation to obtain adequate dietary mineral supply of Nellore cattle in tropical conditions.

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