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Journal of Animal Science Abstract - Ruminant Nutrition

Reducing mineral usage in feedlot diets for Nellore cattle: I. Impacts of calcium, phosphorus, copper, manganese, and zinc contents on microbial efficiency and ruminal, intestinal, and total digestibility of dietary constituents1

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 95 No. 4, p. 1715-1726
     
    Received: Oct 03, 2016
    Accepted: Feb 03, 2017
    Published: April 13, 2017


    2 Corresponding author(s): laurafrancoprados@hotmail.com
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doi:10.2527/jas.2016.1084
  1. D. F. T. Sathlera,
  2. L. F. Prados 2a,
  3. D. Zanettia,
  4. B. C. Silvaa,
  5. S. C. Valadares Filhoa,
  6. M. V. C. Pachecoa,
  7. P. M. Amarala,
  8. L. N. Rennóa and
  9. M. F. Paulinoa
  1. a Animal Science Department, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG 36570-000, Brazil

Abstract

This study evaluated intake, microbial efficiency, and ruminal, small and large intestinal, and total digestibility of DM, OM, CP, and NDF, as well as availability of Ca, P, Mg, Na, K, Cu, Mn, and Zn in Zebu cattle fed with or without supplemental sources of Ca and P or a micromineral premix. Five rumen- and ileum-cannulated Nellore bulls (BW = 200 ± 10.5 kg; 9 mo) were used in the experiment, distributed in a 5 × 5 Latin square design. The experiment was developed in a 2 × 2 + 1 factorial design to measure the effects of mineral supplementation on intake, digestibility, and site of nutrient absorption. The factors consisted of 2 Ca and P levels (macromineral factor; CaP+ or CaP−) and 2 microminerals levels (micromineral factor; CuMnZn+ or CuMnZn−). In addition, a treatment with alimentary restriction (REST) was evaluated at 1.7% of BW. Nutrient fluxes were measured in the omasum and ileum, in addition to intake and fecal excretion. Microbial efficiency was estimated using purine derivative excretion. Dry matter, OM, NDF, CP intake, and total digestibility were not affected (P ≥ 0.058) by the absence of Ca, P, Cu, Mn, and Zn supplementation. Intake of Ca, P, and Mg were reduced (P < 0.01) by CaP−. The absence of CuMnZn reduced (P < 0.01) Cu, Mn, and Zn intake. Ruminal recycling of P, Na, and K is significant for increasing the influx of these minerals to the digestive tract; however, influences of treatments were not observed. The small and large intestines contributed to mineral absorption in different proportions (P < 0.05), according to minerals and treatments. Because of the similarity (P > 0.05) of OM, NDF, and CP digestion sites and coefficients, we assume that omitting supplemental sources of Ca, P, Cu, Mn, and Zn may be an option in raising cattle on feedlots. If supplementation is viable, knowledge about the specific absorption site of each mineral could positively impact choices about the supplemental source.

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