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The effects of heat stress on plasma metabolites in various species

 
Metabolite Response Species
Creatine Increase Rabbits (Marder et al., 1990), sheep (Bell et al., 1989), and cows (Schneider et al., 1988a; Abeni et al., 2007)
3-Methyl histidine Increase Rabbits (Marder et al., 1990), chickens (Yalcin et al., 2009), pigs (Pearce et al., 2013), and cows (Schneider et al., 1988a; Kamiya et al., 2006)
Urea Increase Chickens (Yalcin et al., 2009)1, rabbits (Marder et al., 1990), steers (O’Brien et al., 2010), heifers (Nardone et al., 1997; Ronchi et al., 1999), and cows (Kamiya et al., 2006; Abeni et al., 2007; Settivari et al., 2007; Shwartz et al., 2009; Shehab-El-Deen et al., 2010; Wheelock et al., 2010)
No change Sheep (Bell et al., 1989) and chickens1(Lin et al., 2006)
Lactate Increase Pigs (Hall et al., 1980), humans (Fink et al., 1975; Kozlowski et al., 1985), and dogs (Kozlowski et al., 1985)
1Urate and uric acid