View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 1.

Number of observations (n), least squares means (LSMean), SE, and overall P-values for final percentage earned in ASI 521 Horse Science for students meeting various demographic criteria

 
Factor Level n LSMean SE P-value
Term 2008 100 84.62a 1.78 0.0016
2009 94 80.83b 1.84
2010 68 80.72b 1.88
Gender Female 180 83.02 1.62 0.096
Male 82 81.10 1.92
Standing Sophomore 19 80.80 2.32 0.35
Junior 113 82.09 1.73
Senior 130 83.29 1.76
Residence Nonresident 36 83.00 2.12 0.26
Kansas resident 226 81.11 1.60
Hometown Kansas City metro 20 82.42 2.28 0.71
Not Kansas City metro 242 81.70 1.53
Transfer Transfer student 154 80.79a 1.84 0.020
Nontransfer student 108 83.32b 1.69
College Agriculture 250 81.44 1.52 0.65
Nonagriculture 12 82.67 2.64
Major Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 222 84.18a 1.89 0.0097
Non-ASI 40 79.94b 1.85
Option Pre-veterinary science 97 81.65 1.86 0.49
Non pre-veterinary 165 82.46 1.70
Certificate Equine science 37 81.95 2.01 0.89
Not equine certificate 225 82.17 1.74
Previous equine classes 0 to 1 171 80.40 1.78a 0.079
2 to 4 56 83.22 1.89b
≥5 35 82.55 2.13ab
a,bMeans within a demographic grouping not sharing a common superscript differ (P < 0.05).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 2.

Number of observations (n), least squares means (LSMean), SE, and overall P-values for pretest scores in ASI 521 Horse Science for students meeting various demographic criteria

 
Factor Level n LSMean SE P-value
Term 2008 88 14.70 0.93 0.28
2009 92 14.63 0.92
2010 68 13.84 0.98
Gender Female 170 13.94 0.88 0.077
Male 78 14.84 0.96
Standing Sophomore 19 14.31ab 1.29 0.0015
Junior 105 13.03a 0.96
Senior 124 15.83b 1.01
Residence Nonresident 35 13.87 1.12 0.25
Kansas resident 213 14.91 0.86
Hometown Kansas City metro 17 15.31a 1.14 0.047
Not Kansas City metro 231 13.47b 0.84
Transfer Transfer student 146 13.86a 0.96 0.031
Nontransfer student 102 14.92b 0.88
College Agriculture 236 14.17 0.85 0.72
Nonagriculture 12 14.61 1.26
Major Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 209 15.85 1.01 0.015
Non-ASI 39 12.94 1.12
Option Pre-veterinary science 90 13.90 0.96 0.069
Non pre-veterinary 158 14.88 0.89
Certificate Equine science 36 15.02 1.00 0.10
Not equine certificate 212 13.76 0.93
Previous equine classes 0 to 1 161 14.69ab 1.12 0.030
2 to 4 54 15.72a 1.10
≥5 33 12.76b 1.00
a,bMeans within a demographic grouping not sharing a common superscript differ (P < 0.05).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 3.

Number of observations (n), least squares means (LSMean), SE, and overall P-values for posttest scores in ASI 521 Horse Science for students meeting various demographic criteria

 
Factor Level n LSMean SE P-value
Term 2008 98 23.14a 0.74 0.057
2009 88 24.16b 0.76
2010 66 24.23b 0.77
Gender Female 174 24.12 0.67 0.24
Male 78 23.57 0.79
Standing Sophomore 18 23.79 0.96 0.51
Junior 111 23.60 0.72
Senior 123 24.15 0.73
Residence Nonresident 35 23.61 0.87 0.48
Kansas resident 217 24.09 0.66
Hometown Kansas City metro 19 24.07 0.95 0.59
Not Kansas City metro 233 23.62 0.62
Transfer Transfer student 146 23.62 0.85 0.58
Nontransfer student 106 24.07 0.75
College Agriculture 240 22.43a 0.63 0.011
Nonagriculture 12 25.26b 1.09
Major Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 213 24.64a 0.78 0.020
Non-ASI 39 23.05b 0.76
Option Pre-veterinary science 96 23.72 0.77 0.60
Non pre-veterinary 156 23.98 0.70
Certificate Equine science 37 23.47 0.82 0.27
Not equine certificate 215 24.23 0.72
Previous equine classes 0 to 1 163 22.61a 0.78 0.78
2 to 4 54 24.62b 0.74 0.74
≥5 35 24.30b 0.88 0.88
a,bMeans within a demographic grouping not sharing a common superscript differ (P < 0.05).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 4.

Number of observations (n), least squares means (LSMean), SE, and overall P-values for improvement from pre- to posttest in ASI 521 Horse Science for students meeting various demographic criteria

 
Factor Level n LSMean SE P-value
Term 2008 87 5.99a 1.12 0.019
2009 86 7.26ab 1.15
2010 66 8.06b 1.23
Gender Female 164 7.65 1.05 0.093
Male 75 6.59 1.22
Standing Sophomore 18 7.78 1.45 0.61
Junior 103 6.85 1.09
Senior 118 6.67 1.12
Residence Nonresident 34 5.70a 1.37 0.0080
Kansas resident 205 8.51b 1.04
Hometown Kansas City metro 17 6.74 1.43 0.54
Not Kansas City metro 222 7.46 1.02
Transfer Transfer student 138 7.84 1.27 0.21
Nontransfer student 101 6.37 1.21
College Agriculture 227 6.25 1.07 0.25
Nonagriculture 12 7.96 1.53
Major Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 201 6.40 1.16 0.13
Non-ASI 38 7.80 1.21
Option Pre-veterinary science 90 7.33 1.20 0.49
Non pre-veterinary 149 6.87 1.09
Certificate Equine science 36 6.46 1.26 0.16
Not equine certificate 203 7.74 1.11
Previous equine classes 0 to 1 154 6.99ab 1.38 0.09
2 to 4 52 5.48a 1.44
≥5 33 8.84b 1.30
a,bMeans within a demographic grouping not sharing a common superscript differ (P < 0.05).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 5.

Number of observations (n), regression coefficients (b), SE, and P-values for the regression of final percent in Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 521 Horse Science on selected academic criteria

 
Covariate n b SE P-value
Population of hometown 229 –0.000004 0.000005 0.48
No. of transfer credits 229 –0.05 0.02 0.021
No. of horse classes previous to ASI 521 229 0.29 0.41 0.48
Last Kansas State University GPA1 229 13.75 0.90 <0.0001
GPA as a freshman 137 9.14 1.23 <0.0001
GPA as a sophomore 184 9.33 0.92 <0.0001
GPA as a junior 224 12.22 0.94 <0.0001
GPA as a senior 203 11.82 0.79 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 229 13.80 0.87 <0.0001
Semester GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 229 10.93 0.53 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA before taking ASI 521 221 10.96 1.11 <0.0001
Semester GPA before taking ASI 521 221 7.72 0.84 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA in semester after ASI 521 176 11.30 0.84 <0.0001
Semester GPA in semester after ASI 521 129 5.82 1.01 <0.0001
American College Testing Program score 229 0.02 0.03 0.51
1GPA = grade point average



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 6.

Number of observations (n), regression coefficients (b), SE, and P-values for the regression of pretest score in Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 521 Horse Science on selected academic criteria

 
Covariate n b SE P-value
Population of hometown 218 0.000004 0.000002 0.14
No. of transfer credits 218 –0.01 0.01 0.17
No. of horse classes previous to ASI 521 218 0.16 0.20 0.41
Last Kansas State University GPA1 218 1.67 0.39 <0.0001
GPA as a freshman 131 1.22 0.52 0.02
GPA as a sophomore 174 1.38 0.41 0.0009
GPA as a junior 213 1.78 0.38 <0.0001
GPA as a senior 192 1.28 0.44 0.0038
Cumulative GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 218 1.94 0.38 <0.0001
Semester GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 218 1.28 0.27 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA before taking ASI 521 210 1.64 0.41 <0.0001
Semester GPA before taking ASI 521 210 1.01 0.31 <0.0011
Cumulative GPA in semester after ASI 521 166 1.89 0.46 <0.0001
Semester GPA in semester after ASI 521 119 –0.27 0.44 0.54
American College Testing Program score 218 0.01 0.01 0.42
1GPA = grade point average



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 7.

Number of observations (n), regression coefficients (b), SE, and P-values for the regression of posttest score in Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 521 Horse Science on selected academic criteria

 
Covariate n b SE P-value
Population of hometown 221 –0.000002 0.000002 0.37
No. of transfer credits 221 –0.02 0.01 0.066
No. of horse classes previous to ASI 521 221 0.31 0.12 0.010
Last Kansas State University GPA1 221 2.47 0.38 <0.0001
GPA as a freshman 133 1.65 0.47 <0.0001
GPA as a sophomore 177 2.23 0.36 <0.0001
GPA as a junior 217 2.05 0.38 <0.0001
GPA as a senior 197 2.46 0.40 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 221 2.46 0.37 <0.0001
Semester GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 221 1.87 0.27 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA before taking ASI 521 214 1.95 0.40 <0.0001
Semester GPA before taking ASI 521 214 1.51 0.30 <0.0001
Cumulative GPA in semester after ASI 521 174 2.01 0.42 <0.0001
Semester GPA in semester after ASI 521 128 1.04 0.31 <0.0001
American College Testing Program score 221 –0.004 0.01 0.76
1GPA = grade point average



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 8.

Number of observations (n), regression coefficients (b), SE, and P-values for the regression of improvement from pre- to posttest score in Animal Sciences and Industry (ASI) 521 Horse Science on selected academic criteria

 
Covariate n b SE P-value
Population of hometown 211 0.0000002 0.000003 0.95
No. of transfer credits 211 –0.01 0.01 0.62
No. of horse classes previous to ASI 521 211 0.46 0.24 0.053
Last Kansas State University GPA1 211 1.01 0.51 0.049
GPA as a freshman 127 1.24 0.71 0.086
GPA as a sophomore 168 0.60 0.54 0.26
GPA as a junior 207 0.58 0.51 0.26
GPA as a senior 187 0.88 0.58 0.13
Cumulative GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 211 0.75 0.51 0.14
Semester GPA at the time of taking ASI 521 211 0.67 0.37 0.070
Cumulative GPA before taking ASI 521 204 0.53 0.53 0.32
Semester GPA before taking ASI 521 204 0.55 0.39 0.16
Cumulative GPA in semester after ASI 521 164 0.30 0.63 0.64
Semester GPA in semester after ASI 521 118 1.02 0.45 0.025
American College Testing Program score 211 –0.01 0.02 0.76
1GPA = grade point average