View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 1.

List of cows monitored in the study, sorted by breed (BA = Baladi; BS = Beefmaster × Simford cross), together with their site of origin, birth yr, yr of transfer to Karei Deshe (KD yr), relationship, and season and paddock (P1, P2 or united– PU) of cow assignment. The number (n monitored) of cows from each breed in each season/paddock combination is summed. The number (n in paddock) of cows of each breed in the paddocks is presented as well

 
Breed Cow Origin Birth yr KD yr Relative Apr-06
Jun-06
Sep-06
Feb-07
Mar-07
Jun-07
P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 PU PU PU
BA 260 Dalton farm 1994 2002 * *
295 Dalton farm 1991 2002 * *
484 Dalton farm 2003 2005 * *
701 Ragar farm 2002 2005 Mother 702 * * * * *
702 Ragar farm 2004 2005 Daughter 701 *
703 Ragar farm 2004 2005 * * * *
704 Ragar farm 2004 2005 *
705 Ragar farm 2004 2005 * * * * * *
706 Ragar farm 2004 2005 * * *
707 Ragar farm 2001 2005 * * * *
708 Ragar farm 2002 2005 * * * * *
709 Ragar farm 2002 2005 * * * *
710 Ragar farm 2002 2005 * * * * *
711 Ragar farm 2002 2005 * * *
723 Hula reserve 1996 2005 * *
726 Hula reserve 1997 2005 * *
n Monitored 3 3 3 3 4 6 10 8 11
n In paddock 9 10 5 9 6 8 13 13 15
BS 203 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
205 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * * * *
209 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
210 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
213 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * *
216 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
218 Ela farm 1998 2003 *
223 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * * *
227 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * * *
228 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * *
230 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
234 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * * *
235 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
237 Ela farm 1998 2003 *
239 Ela farm 1998 2003 *
245 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * *
249 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * *
250 Ela farm 1998 2003 *
252 Ela farm 1998 2003 * *
257 Ela farm 1998 2003 * * *
258 Ela farm 1998 2003 *
373 Manda farm 1995 2003 * *
n Monitored 3 2 3 6 8 6 13 4 8
n In paddock 10 14 14 16 14 17 32 32 35



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 2.

Age-covariated Effects of breed, hour of day, and the interaction Breed × Hour, on the hourly average location of cows in the various seasons. Parameters of the statistical analysis: df = degrees of freedom, F = F value, P = significance of the difference

 
Season Paddock X axis
Y axis
Breed
Hour
Breed × hour
Breed
Hour
Breed × Hour
df F P df F P df F P df F P df F P df F P
Feb-07 1+2 1 1026.1 < .001 23 155.6 < .001 23 3.5 < .001 1 118.4 < .001 23 93.7 < .001 23 2.4 < .001
Mar-07 1+2 1 480.3 < .001 23 161.7 < .001 23 6.1 < .001 1 198.7 < .001 23 98.1 < .001 23 3.1 < .001
Apr-06 1 1 60.3 < .001 23 34.7 < .001 23 9.6 < .001 1 173.4 < .001 23 48.1 < .001 23 3.1 < .001
2 1 202.6 < .001 23 81.5 < .001 23 2 0.002 1 68.8 < .001 23 719.3 < .001 23 6.9 < .001
Jun-06 1 1 1 0.325 23 551.2 < .001 23 2.3 < .001 1 3.4 0.07 23 357.3 < .001 23 1.1 0.39
2 1 1.8 0.18 23 134.6 < .001 23 1.4 0.12 1 14.2 < .001 23 2021.3 < .001 23 2.1 0.002
Jun-07 1+2 1 47.8 < .001 23 531.1 < .001 23 5.7 < .001 1 241.8 < .001 23 1922.7 < .001 23 19.5 < .001
Sep-06 1 1 300.8 < .001 23 683.2 < .001 23 6.7 < .001 1 456.2 < .001 23 1036.7 < .001 23 6.8 < .001
2 1 39.3 < .001 23 301.7 < .001 23 5.2 < .001 1 529.6 < .001 23 3045.4 < .001 23 26.9 < .001



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 3.

Daily distance walked by the cows, perimeter of the diurnal itinerary, lateral daily index (LFI), and the ratio between LFI of BA and BS cows during each season

 
Season Daily distance
BA BS Perimeter1
LFI2
LFI ratio
Paddock BA BS BA BS BA/BS
Feb-07 1+2 3,923 3,234 847 678 4.630 4.769 0.971
Mar-07 1+2 4,712 3,830 1,203 1,106 3.917 3.464 1.131
Apr-06 1 4,311 2,995 575 711 7.499 4.215 1.779
2 4,885 3,352 1,616 1,419 3.022 2.363 1.279
Jun-06 1 3,626 2,696 1,351 1,249 2.684 2.158 1.244
2 3,943 4,067 1,967 1,824 2.004 2.229 0.899
Jun-07 1+2 4,939 4,637 1,948 2,229 2.536 2.081 1.219
Sep-06 1 4,355 3,315 1,487 1,193 2.928 2.778 1.054
2 4,032 3,413 1,689 1,871 2.387 1.824 1.309
Mean 4,303 3,504 1,409 1,364 3.512 2.876 1.209
SD 464 587 473 527 1.698 1.041 0.256
1Sum of the distances between the average hourly breed locations in the diurnal itinerary.
2The daily distance divided by the perimeter.