Figure 1.
Figure 1.

Illustration of the experimental design. LL = loose–loose; LC = loose–confined; CC = confined–confined.

 


Figure 2.
Figure 2.

Design of sow welfare and piglet protection pen when sow is loose (left) and confined temporarily (right). Gray space = solid concrete floor, diagonal lines = slatted metal floor, white area = covered creep area with heat lamp, black space = sloping wall, and dashed outer line = open pen wall/vertical bars