Figure 1.

Effects of corn stalk particle size and inclusion rate on rumination behavior in finishing beef steers. 5SG = 30% wet corn gluten feed with 5% short-grind corn stalks (-○-); 5LG = 30% wet corn gluten feed with 5% long-grind corn stalks (-∆-); 10SG = 25% wet corn gluten feed with 10% short-grind corn stalks (-□-). n = 17, n = 17, and n = 16 for 5SG, 5LG, and 10SG, respectively. Treatment × day (P < 0.01; SEM = 26.41).

Figure 2.

Effects of corn stalk particle size and inclusion rate on rumination behavior in finishing beef steers. 5SG = 30% wet corn gluten feed with 5% short-grind corn stalks (-○-); 5LG = 30% wet corn gluten feed with 5% long-grind corn stalks (-∆-); 10SG = 25% wet corn gluten feed with 10% short-grind corn stalks (-□-). The arrow represents feeding at 0900 h. n = 17, n = 17, and n = 16 for 5SG, 5LG, and 10SG, respectively. Treatment × hour (P < 0.01; SEM = 1.25). a–cWithin an hour, treatment means without a common superscript differ (P ≤ 0.05); d,ewithin an hour, treatment means without a common superscript tend to differ (P ≤ 0.10).

Figure 3.

Effects of corn stalk particle size and inclusion rate on activity in finishing beef steers. 5SG = 30% wet corn gluten feed with 5% short-grind corn stalks (-○-); 5LG = 30% wet corn gluten feed with 5% long-grind corn stalks (-∆-); 10SG = 25% wet corn gluten feed with 10% short-grind corn stalks (-□-). The arrow represents feeding at 0900 h. n = 17, n = 17, and n = 16 for 5SG, 5LG, and 10SG, respectively. Treatment × hour (P = 0.12; SEM = 1.69).