View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 1.

Sample localities, sample size (n), number of haplotypes (Nh) and polymorphic sites (Ph), number of private haplotypes (Np) and private polymorphic sites (Pp), haplotype diversity (h), nucleotide diversity (π), and neutrality tests among populations of the Formosan wild boar

 
Lineage1 Population/region Sample localities n Nh Np Ph Pp h π Tajima’s D Fu’s FS
FWBL Northern-Central Region 108 18 14 17 7 0.903 ± 0.017 0.00303 ± 0.00012 −0.05896 −3.55916
Population A North part of Central Mountain Range and Xue Mountain Range 39 8 4 9 3 0.861 ± 0.025 0.00281 ± 0.00021 1.10359 0.50975
Population B North-central part of Central Mountain Range 37 9 3 9 0 0.778 ± 0.057 0.00256 ± 0.00019 0.71174 −0.6479
Population C Central part of Central Mountain Range and Yushan Mountain Range 32 7 5 8 3 0.835 ± 0.032 0.00287 ± 0.00024 1.52413 0.99277
Central-Southern Region 97 15 10 13 2 0.900 ± 0.013 0.00303 ± 0.00009 0.68481 −1.83364
Population D South-central part of Central Mountain Range and Coastal Mountain Range 30 7 4 10 1 0.777 ± 0.050 0.00256 ± 0.00040 0.19029 0.48126
Population E South part of Central Mountain Range 67 9 6 10 1 0.846 ± 0.024 0.00267 ± 0.00011 0.90475 0.58390
Hengchun Peninsula Region 44 4 3 4 3 0.663 ± 0.039 0.00191 ± 0.00006 2.72997 3.04976
Population F Hengchun Peninsula 44 4 3 4 3 0.663 ± 0.039 0.00191 ± 0.00006 2.72997 3.04976
Total 249 32 23 0.951 ± 0.004 0.00356 ± 0.00008 −0.03916 −10.22580*
FWBLYL Total Central Mountain Range and Yushan Mountain Range 29 4 5 0.200 ± 0.098 0.00057 ± 0.00029
1FWBL = Formosan wild boar lineage; FWBLYL = Formosan wild boar with Lanyu sign lineage.
*P < 0.05.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 2.

Analyses of groupings, percentage variance (%), and fixation indices (Φ) determined by analyses of molecular variance among boars of Formosan wild boar lineage

 
Analyses of grouping1 Source of variation % Φ2
2-region analysis
    Region 1 (Population A) and region 2 (populations B, C, D, E, and F) Among groups -17.02 ΦCT = -0.17016 NS
Among populations within groups 41.72 ΦSC = 0.35650 ***
Among individuals within populations 75.3 ΦST = 0.24700 ***
    Region 1 (populations A, B, and C) and region 2 (populations D, E, and F) Among groups 5.75 ΦCT = 0.05746 NS
Among populations within groups 28.29 ΦSC = 0.30012 ***
Among individuals within populations 65.97 ΦST = 0.34034 ***
    Region 1 (populations A, B, C, D, E) and region 2 (Population F) Among groups 31.56 ΦCT = 0.31556 NS
Among populations within groups 14.66 ΦSC = 0.21419 ***
Among individuals within populations 53.78 ΦST = 0.46216 ***
3-region analysis
    Region 1 (Population A), region 2 (populationsB and C), and region 3 (populations D, E, and F) Among groups -4.08 ΦCT = -0.04076 NS
Among populations within groups 35.75 ΦSC = 0.34349 ***
Among individuals within populations 68.33 ΦST = 0.31673 ***
    Region 1 (Population A), region 2 (populations B, C, D, and E), and region 3 (Population F) Among groups 15.92 ΦCT = 0.15919 NS
Among populations within groups 20.75 ΦSC = 0.24678 ***
Among individuals within populations 63.33 ΦST = 0.36669 ***
    Region 1 (populations A, B, and C), region 2 populations D and E), and region 3 (Population F) Among groups 20.22 ΦCT = 0.20219 *
Among populations within groups 15.43 ΦSC = 0.19338 ***
Among individuals within populations 64.35 ΦST = 0.35647 ***
4-region analysis
    Region 1 (Population A), region 2 (populations B and C), region 3 (populations D and E), and region 4 (Population F) Among groups 13.75 ΦCT = 0.13746 NS
Among populations within groups 19.9 ΦSC = 0.23076 ***
Among individuals within populations 66.35 ΦST = 0.33650 ***
1Populations correspond to Table 1.
2ΦCT = the difference among the groups of total haplotypes; ΦSC = the difference among populations within groups; ΦST = the difference among localities within populations; NS = not significant.
*P < 0.05; ***P < 0.0001.